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Chronology / Time Line
1915 - 1932
 

1915

Jan

9

Reaches India,

Awarded Kaiser-i-Hind Gold Medal for Ambulance services.

 

May

20

Founds Satyagraha Ashram (later known as Sabarmati Ashram after the name of the river) at Ahmedabad.

1915-16

 

 

Tours India and Burma, travelling 3rd class on the railways.

1917

 

 

Successfully agitates against indentured Indian emigration; idea of making use of spinning-wheel to produce handmade cloth on large scale takes root in his mind.

 

April

 

Goes to Champaran (Bihar) to investigate conditions of labour in indigo plantations; arrested and later released; appointed by Bihar Government as member of committee set up to inquire into ryots’ grievances.

1918

Jan-March

 

Takes up cause of textile labourers of Ahmedabad and fasts to secure amicable settlement of dispute; initiates satyagraha in Kaira District (Bombay) to secure suspension of revenue assessment on failure of crops.

 

April

27

Attends Viceroy’s War Conference at Delhi and addresses it in Hindustani; subsequently tours Kaira District to raise recruits for army.

1919

Feb

28

Signs Satyagraha Pledge to secure withdrawal of Rowlatt Bills.

 

April

6

Inaugurates all-India satyagraha movement; countrywide hartal.

 

 

8-11

Arrested on way to Delhi for refusal to comply with order not to enter Punjab; escorted back to Bombay; outbreaks of violence in several towns.

 

 

13

Jallianwala Bagh tragedy at Amritsar, troops firing on an unarmed crowd and killing over 400. Addresses public meeting near Sabarmati Ashram and declares three days’ penitential fast.

 

 

14

Confesses at Nadiad his ‘Himalayan miscalculation’ regarding satyagraha martial law declared in Punjab.

 

 

18

Suspends satyagraha.

 

Sept

 

Assumes editorship of the Gujarati monthly, Navajivan, later published weekly in Hindi also.

 

Oct

 

Assumes editorship of the English weekly, Young India; joins non-official committee of inquiry into official excesses in Punjab.

 

Nov

24

Presides over All-India Khilafat Conference at Delhi.

 

Dec

 

Advises acceptance of Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms by Congress at Amritsar.

1920

Jan

 

Leads deputation to Viceroy to press on British Government not to deprive Sultan of Turkey (who was also Khalifa of Muslims) of his suzerainty over Holy Places of Islam.

 

Aug

1

Addresses letter to Viceroy surrendering Kaiser-I-Hind Medal, Zulu War Medal and Boer War Medal.

 

Sept

 

Special session of Indian National Congress at Calcutta accepts his programme of non-co-operation to secure redress of Punjab and Khilafat wrongs.

 

Nov

 

Founds Gujarat Vidyapeeth at Ahmedabad.

 

Dec

 

Nagpur Congress session adopts his resolution declaring object of Congress to be attainment of Swaraj by the people of India by all legitimate and peaceful means.

1921

April

 

Launches programme of enlisting a crore of members in Congress, raising a crore of rupees for Tilak Swaraj Fund and setting up 20 lakhs of charkas in the country in furtherance of national constructive movement.

 

Aug

 

Leads campaign for complete boycott of foreign cloth and lights monster bonfire of foreign cloth in Bombay.

 

Dec

 

Invested with full dictatorial powers by Congress session at Ahmendabad.

1922

Feb

1

Gives notice to Viceroy of intention to launch satyagraha campaign in Bardoli (Gujarat).

 

 

5

Following Chauri Chaura (U.P.) tragedy, in which 21 police constables and one sub-inspector were burnt to death by a mob, fasts for five days and abandons plan of satyagraha movement.

 

March

10

Arrested for sedition at Sabarmati and sentenced (March 18) to six years’ imprisonment.

1924

Jan-Feb

 

Operated on for appendicitis in Sassoon Hospital, Poona (Jan. 12) and released on Feb. 5

 

April

 

Resumes editorship of Young India and Navajivan.

 

Sept

18

Begins 21 days’ fast for Hindu-Muslim unity.

 

Dec

 

Presides over Congress session at Belgaum.

1925

Sept

 

Founds All-India Spinners’ Association.

 

Nov

 

Seven days’ vicarious fast for misdeeds of Ashram inmates.

Commences writing his autobiography, The Story of My Experiments with Truth.

1927

Nov

 

Visits Ceylon.

1928

Dec

 

Moves resolution at Calcutta Congress session in favour of Independence if Dominion Status is not granted by end of 1929.

1929

Dec

 

At his instance Lahore Congress session declares that Swaraj in Congress creed shall mean Purna Swaraj (complete independence).

1930

Feb

 

Appointed by A.I.C.C. as Congress Disobedience movement.

 

March

2

Addresses letter to Viceroy intimating his intention to break Salt law if Congress demands are not conceded.

 

 

12

Commences march to Dandi sea-beach, where he ceremoniously picks up salt (April 6).

 

May

5

Arrested and imprisoned without trial; hartal all over India; over 100,000 are jailed before close of year.

1931

Jan

26

unconditionally released from prison.

 

Feb-March

 

Has series of talks with Viceroy resulting in Irwin-Gandhi Pact.

 

Aug

29

Sails for England as sole Congress delegate to Second Round Table Conference.

 

Sept-Dec

 

Attends sessions of Conference.

 

Dec

5

Leaves England for India.

 

 

28

Lands in Bombay.

1932

Jan

4

Arrested and imprisoned without trial.

 

Sept.

20

Commences ‘fast unto death’ in jail to secure abolition of separate electorates for Harijans in Communal Award.

 

 

26

Breaks fast on Government of India’s acceptance of his demand regarding Harijans.

 

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