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Chronology / Time Line
Years of Satyagrahas of Mahatma Gandhi
(Passive Resistance)
 

Place

Year

Cause

Johannesburg

(South Africa)

1906

To protest against the unfair Asiatic Registration Bill of 1906.

 

1908

To protest against the discriminatory law requiring Asians to apply for registration by burning 2000 official certificates of domicile at a public meeting and courting jail.

Transvaal area

(South Africa)

1913

March from NewCastle to Transvaal.

To protest against the imposition of 3 Tax and the passing of the Immigration Bill adversely affecting the status of married Indian women.

Virangam

1914

To seek removal of customs hardships inflicted on third-class railways passengers.

Champaran

1917

To remove the hardships of indigo workers in Champaran exploited by the European planters.

Ahmedabad

1918

To end the deadlock between the mill owners and labourers who were overworked and under paid.

Kheda

1918

To demand relief for famine-stricken peasants of Kheda regarding the revenue dues to be paid to the Government.

India

1919

The first mass Satyagraha against the unjust Rowlatt Bill curbing the freedom of the Press.

India

1920

Nonviolent non-co-operation movement to attain Swaraj and to implement Gandhiji's 7 point programme including Hindu-Muslim unity and removal of untouchability by surrendering titles and honorary posts awarded by the Government, boycotting Government schools, colleges, Law Courts, and legislatures, by starting national schools and by using Khadi.

Vykom

1924

To demand the entry of the untouchables on public roads.

Borsad

1923-24

To protest against unfair increment in the land revenues imposed on the people by settlement-revision officers.

Dandi and All-India

March 12 1930

To protest against the unjust Salt law by undertaking a march from Ahmedabad to Dandi and to demand self-rule by boycotting of foreign cloth, picketing liquor shops and taking a pledge for fighting for Swaraj.

India

Dec. 31, 1931

Civil Disobedience to achieve self-rule by breaking laws and ordinances and continuing the earlier programme of boycotting and picketing.

Rajkot

1939

To protest against the breach of the charter of Liberty of the people by the Local ruler instigated by the British Resident in Rajkot.

All India

October 1940

To protest against India's participation in World War II and to support freedom of propagating nonviolence as a substitute for war.

 

August 9, 1942

Quit India movement for complete freedom for India and to demand immediate abdication of the British rule with a determination to 'Do or Die'.

 

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