Gandhi's Views On Education
Buniyadi Shiksha [Basic Education]
The ancient aphorism "Education is
that which liberates", is as true as it was before. Education here does not mean
mere spiritual knowledge, nor does liberation signify spiritual liberation after
death. Knowledge includes all training that is useful for the service of mankind
and liberation means freedom of all manner of servitude is of two kinds: slavery
to domination from outside and to one's own artificial needs. The knowledge
acquired in the pursuit of this ideal alone contributed true study.
Persistent questioning and healthy
inquisitiveness are the first requisite for acquiring learning of any kind.
Inquisitiveness should be tempered by humility and respectful regard for the
teacher. It must not degenerate into impudence. The latter is the enemy of the
receptivity of mind. There can be no knowledge without humility and the will to
education must be of a new type for
the sake of the creation of the new world.
Everyone of us has good inherent in
the soul it needs to be drawn out by the teachers, and only those teachers can
perform this sacred function whose own character is unsullied, who are always
ready to learn and to grow from perfection to perfection.
Useful manual labour, intelligently
performed is the means par excellence for developing the intellect......
A balance intellect presupposes a harmonious growth of body mind & soul..... An
intellect that is developed through the medium of socially useful labour will be
an instrument for service and will not easily be led astray or fall into devious
Craft, Art, Health and education
should all be integrated into one scheme. Nai Talim is a beautiful blend of all
the four and covers the whole education of the individual from the time of
conception to the moment of death...... Instead of regarding craft & industry as
different from education. I will regard the former as the medium for the latter.
Our system of education leads to the
development of the mind, body and soul. The ordinary system cares only for the
The teachers earn what they take. It
stands for the art of living. Therefore, both the teacher and the learning. It
enriches life from the commencement. It makes the nation independent of the
search for employment.
It is popularly and correctly
described as education through handicrafts . This is part of the truth. The root
of this new education goes much deeper. It lies in the application of the truth
and love in every variety of human activity, weather in individual life or a
corporate one. The notion of education through handicrafts rises from the
contemplation of truth and love permeating life's activities. Love requires that
true education should be easily accessible to all, and should be of use to every
villager in his daily life. such education is not derived from nor does it
depend upon books. It has no relation to sectional religion. If it can be called
religious, it is universal religion from which all select ional religions are
derived. Therefore it is learned from the book of life which costs nothing and
which cannot be taken away from one by any force on earth.
I hold that the largest time is
devoted of our time is devoted to labour for earning our bread, our children
must from their infancy be taught the dignity of such labour. Our children
should not be taught as to despise labour. There is no reason why a peasants son
after having gone to school should become useless as he does become, as an
This article is taken from the
book "The Selected Works Of Gandhi"
Vol. 6 The Voice of Truth