Gandhi's Views On Nonviolence
Atom Bomb And Ahimsa
It has been suggested by American
friends that the atom bomb will bring in ahimsa (nonviolence) as nothing else
can. It will, if it is meant that its destructive power will so disgust the
world that it will turn it away from violence for the time being. This is very
like a man glutting himself with dainties to the point of nausea and turning
away from them only to return with redoubled zeal after the effect of nausea is
well over. Precisely in the same manner will the world return to violence with
renewed zeal after the effect of disgust is worn out.
Often does good come out of evil.
But that is God's, not man's plan. Man knows that only evil can come out of
evil, as good out of good.
That atomic energy though harnessed
by American scientists and army men for destructive purposes may be utilized by
other scientists for humanitarian purposes is undoubtedly within the realm of
possibility. But that is not what was meant by my American friends. They were
not so simple as to put a question which connoted an obvious truth. An
incendiary uses fire for his destructive and nefarious purpose, housewife makes
daily use of it is preparing flourishing food for mankind.
So far as I can see, the atomic bomb
has deadened the finest feeling that has sustained mankind for ages. There used
to be the so-called laws of war which made it tolerable. Now we know the naked
truth. War knows no law except that of might. The atom bomb brought an empty
victory to the allied arms but it resulted for the time being in destroying the
soul of Japan. What has happened to the soul of the destroying nation is yet too
early to see. Forces of nature act in a mysterious manner. We can but solve the
mystery by deducing the unknown result from the known results of similar events.
A slave-holder cannot hold a slave without putting himself or his deputy in the
cage holding the slave. Let no one run away with the idea that I wish to put in
a defence of Japanese misdeeds in pursuance of Japan's was more unworthy
ambition. The difference was only one of degree. I assume that Japan's greed was
more unworthy. But the greater unworthiness conferred no right on the less
unworthy of destroying without mercy men, women and children of Japan in a
The moral to be legitimately drawn
from the supreme tragedy of the bomb is that it will not be destroyed by
counter-bombs even as violence cannot be by counter-violence. Mankind has to get
out of violence only through non-violence. Hatred can be overcome only by love.
Counter-hatred only increases the surface as well as the depth of hatred. I am
aware that I am repeating what I have many times stated before and practised to
the best of my ability and capacity. What I first stated was itself nothing new.
It was as old as the hills. Only I recited no copybook maxim but definitely
announced what I believed in every fibre of my being. Sixty years of practice in
various walks of life has only enriched the belief which experience of friends
has fortified. It is however the central truth by which one can stand alone
without flinching. I believe in what lax Muller said years ago, namely that
truth needed to be repeated as long as there were men who disbelieved it.
By M. K. Gandhi